Shoot gall psylla is one of the most devastating pest and causes 40-50 per cent damage in mango of Dehradun district. According to an estimate about 3500 ha area are badly affected. The insecticides recommended earlier for the control of this pest have become ineffective. Realizing the importance of mango crop in Dehradun and damage caused by this serious pest, we have taken initiative after getting recommendation from CISH, Lucknow and other organizations. During August, 2013, two spraying of thiamethoxam 1 gm. per lt. of water + profenophos 2 ml. per lt. of water were done along with sticker in 21 ha mango orchard at Badwala village of Vikasnagar block. The result was really very convincing as about 90 per cent incidence of shoot gall psylla had been managed. The farmer namely Sri Madan Pal Singh Pundeer and Contractor Sri Mohammad Farooq were very happy about the performance and technological intervention made by KVK, Dhakrani. This result has given tremendous impact on us and we decided that if farmers are mobilized in true letter and sprit, the problem of shoot gall psylla can be minimized besides improving the productivity of mango in the region.
Accordingly, we accepted the challenge and started sensitizing the farmers on management of shoot gall psylla due to which about 200 ha area have been covered under management of shoot gall psylla during August, 2014. Its result came in June-July, 2015 when harvesting is done. According to feedback received from the farmers and contractors, net profit of about Rs. 1.0 crore earned by them as additional income. The farmers who were earlier in opinion that management of shoot gall psylla is not possible are coming forward to protect their mango orchard from shoot gall psylla. This year also we have organized campaign from 3rd August, 2015 to 22nd August, 2015 in intensive growing areas of mango. The campaign programme has been covered by print and electronic media. About 3000 copies of one page literature on management of shoot gall psylla also circulated among farmers and contractors. Spraying of both the insecticides has been started from 2rd week of August to 1st week of September. According to an estimate about 900-1000 ha area are expected to cover under management of shoot gall psylla in mango. We experienced during campaign if trust and faith is developed among farmers about any farmer’s friendly technologies, its impact will be altogether different. This contribution of KVK, Dhakrani has become a milestone and inspired us to make commitment for the welfare of farming community by transferring need based technologies.
KVK, Dehradun has established one unit on poly tunnel for raising vegetable nursery. The nursery of high yielding varieties and hybrids in vegetable crops such as cabbage , cauliflower, brinjal, chilli, onion, cucurbits, tomato, capsicum are being raised and supplied to the farmers through developmental departments on reasonable price. This poly tunnel technology has been established in 800 s m. area under the financial assistance of Horticulture Mission for North East and Himalayan States (MM-I), ICAR-VPKAS, Almora in 2009. About 3-4 lacs seedlings are raised in the poly tunnel every year.
Considering the impact of poly tunnel in raising vegetable nursery, NABARD, Dehradun has sanctioned one project worth Rs. 9.22 lacs for demonstration and dissemination of poly tunnel technology in farmers fields. This technology has given tremendous impact in timely supply of quality seedlings of vegetable crops to the farmers and increased their production due to early availability in the market. The poly tunnel technology has been established in three villages of Dehradun district where farmers are raising nursery even in off season condition and their early plantation fetching remunerative return to the farmers. Under the project KVK has introduced and demonstrated several potential varieties and hybrids in commercially important vegetable crops.
The prevailing agro climatic condition in Dehradun is very conducive for commercial cultivation of pomegranate. Accordingly, we have established pomegranate orchard of Bhagwa variety at KVK in 2.0 ha area where 1800 plants have been planted at the distance of 4x3 meter. The orchard was established in April, 2014 under the financial assistance of ATMA, Dehradun. This is one of the biggest orchard established under public sector in the State. Due to increasing demand of quality planting material of pomegranate, we have decided to multiply the same from December onwards.
Onion and garlic are important spices grown extensively in Dehradun. In collaboration with NHRDF, we have introduced Agri Found Light Red in rabi onion and Agri Found Parvati in garlic for mountain region. Both the varieties have given tremendous impact in improving the productivity and attract the attention of farming community. During 2014-15, we have supplied 52 lacs seedlings of onion while during 205-16, we have planned to supply about 75 lacs seedlings of onion.
The consumption of chemical pesticides in vegetable crops is increasing rapidly. Hence, in order to reduce the number of application of chemical pesticides in vegetable crops, we are conducting demonstrations under the guidance of Head, Division of Crop Protection, IIVR, Varanasi. The guidance has helped us in introduction and popularization of comparatively new and safer molecules against various pests and diseases in vegetable crops.
Tomato is commercially important crop of Dehradun. Farmers of mountain region of Dehradun take two crop of tomato in a year but all the hybrids grown by them are highly susceptible against bacterial wilt. According to an estimate 40-50 per cent damage is caused due to incidence of bacterial wilt. Due to unavailability of effective control measures, resistant variety is the only option. IIHR, Bangalore has developed Arka Rakshak hybrid of tomato which is resistant against bacterial wilt. We have introduced this hybrid in the demonstration whose performance has been outstanding.
Dehradun is known for litchi cultivation but from the last one decade its productivity has declined due to poor attention by the farmers. Poor Canopy management in the litchi orchards is one of the most important factor of low productivity in the region. Accordingly, we are conducting demonstrations and at KVK farm itself we have established litchi orchard in 1.2 ha area. Besides, in collaboration with above organizations we have overcome the problem of fruit dropping, fruit cracking, colour development, nutrient management, mulching, management of fruit borer etc.
This project is being carried out by Department of Watershed in all the three mountain blocks of Dehradun. KVK providing technological backstopping to the farmers, supplying planting material, imparting training to the motivators and farmers on agriculture and its allied sectors.
RSETI, Shankarpur, Dehradun organizes training programme at regular interval. KVK participate in every training programme and provide technical knowledge to the participants on various aspects of Agricultural Sciences.
One farmer in Dhaki village of Dehradun who has been trained by the KVK on poultry farming has established poultry hatchery under the financial assistance of PNB.